"International Journal of Geography, Geology and Environment"
2019, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Part A
Socio economic condition of migrant workers in Aligarh city, India
Author(s): Mariya, Dr. Fatma Mehar Sultana and Joveriya
Migration is the movement of people from one location to another and widely associated with the change of permanent place of residence. It commonly takes place because of push factor or less opportunities in the socio economic situation and also because of the pull factors that exist in more developed areas. This mobility of man has favorably or adversely influenced not only the socioeconomic condition of the area as well but also influenced the socioeconomic condition of human life. In India, unsustainable rural livelihoods are the main reason of migration to urban areas. But those who migrate from their native place in search of better livelihood are living well below the acceptable standards. Poor housing condition, health afflictions, unhygienic living condition are some of the terrible state that the migrant workers have to face.
Aligarh city is very much facing a renowned face in lock industry and in other unorganized sectors like construction and meat factory. They catch both short and long distance migrants. The present study tries to analyze the socio economic status of these migrant workers. The prime objective of the study is to examine the socio economic condition and also the causes and consequences of migration. The study is based on the primary sources of data. A total of 150 migrant workers have been interviewed by using a well structured questionnaire. The study confirms that although there is an improved income level, the living condition for most of the workers is deplorable as most of them live in poor rented houses without proper provision of hygiene and sanitation.