Challenges of modern and profitable agriculture in India: A general reviewAuthor(s):
Dr. Kanwar Bhan and PT Chiranji LalAbstract:
India is an agrarian state where large numbers of people are engagements in agriculture. The people are living in rural areas and a earning their livelihood from the agriculture. Indian agriculture is making a tremendous progress with our scale application of modern agriculture practices and smart inputs in such as pesticides, insecticides, better quality seeds and provision of credit marketing facilities. The history of Indian agriculture lies in traditional way to the growing of crops, intensive use of family labour, marketing facilities for farmers in villages. The Indian agriculture has experienced so many ups and down in terms of productivity, storage facilities that are primarily controlled and provided by administration but in recent years so many private players have also shown interest in purchase and marketing of the agriculture products. The comprehensive chain of marketing and distribution of food grains is under the control of government agencies through APMC. The government is so much committed in bringing out the improvement in the overall agriculture scenario and a large scale investment has been attracted not only from the government but also from private stakeholders. The provision to provide Life cover to the crops of the farmers if there is any crop failure due to natural disasters have really influenced the economic well-being of the farmers. The farmers are also provided credit cards and low interest loans in order to upgrade the infrastructure related to agriculture Sector is an important aspect in the Indian agriculture. The Indian agriculture has immense potential to provide and generate the employment opportunities to the people in rural areas. In the same way, the seasonal worker in agriculture also attracted as an additional labour force from the different part of the country to perform the agriculture works in states such as Haryana and Punjab. In India, the agriculture remains an important sector that has potential to fight with the unprecedented crisis as it was experienced in the covid-19 pandemic. The modern agriculture has so many issues such as enhancement of productivity, quality food grains, uninterrupted supply of food product, maintaining the fertility and quality of soils, sustainable agriculture, protection from soil and water pollution and conservation of biodiversity. The Indian public distribution system, there is a sound supply chain of food grains and this mechanism control the prices of food products as agriculture sector has registered a growth of 3.6 per cent during 2020-21. The Indian agriculture sector has about sizeable labour force 18.8 per cent in 2021- 22. The Indian agriculture is not only associated with the growing of crops it has also been supported by the economic activities like animal husbandry, daring, fisheries, forestry, horticulture and other allied works. During the Pandemic period, the agriculture performance was so better that has provided employment opportunities large number of peoples in rural areas.Pages: 61-63 | Views: 71 | Downloads: 4Download Full Article: Click Here
How to cite this article:
Dr. Kanwar Bhan, PT Chiranji Lal. Challenges of modern and profitable agriculture in India: A general review. Int J Geogr Geol Environ 2020;2(1):61-63.