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"International Journal of Geography, Geology and Environment"

2020, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A

Needs to upgrade water footprints in eastern India


Author(s): Dr. Sarika Sonam

Abstract: Eastern region is the most populated region of the country and in spite of high water availability in the region, its per capita water availability is almost half of the national per capita water availability of 1588 m3. Among the states, per capita water availability is highest in Odisha and least in Bihar. With reference to the water availability per unit land, West Bengal and Bihar have higher proportion as compared to Odisha and Jharkhand. Eastern region has 19% of total utilizable surface water resources of the country and 20.3% of net annual groundwater availability of the country. As such contribution of groundwater to the total water availability in the region is limited to 36% with major water supplies through the rivers draining the Eastern region surface. Among the states, Odisha is richest in Study of Assessment of Water Foot Prints of India's Long Term Energy Scenarios 31 available surface water resources with more than 34% share in the region. West Bengal, Bihar and Jharkhand follow the sequence of availability quantum. However, net annual groundwater availability is very high in West Bengal and Bihar constituting 70% of the region’s potential (Figure 2.19).

Pages: 54-56 | Views: 11 | Downloads: 2

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How to cite this article:
Dr. Sarika Sonam. Needs to upgrade water footprints in eastern India. Int J Geogr Geol Environ 2020;2(1):54-56.
International Journal of Geography, Geology and Environment